Round brilliant cut. Circular in shape with 58 facets divided amongst its crown, and pavilion. 75% of diamonds are cut round brilliant.
Oval brilliant cut. As with round, approximately 69 facets, usually hand cut to show the best hue in a gemstone.
Emerald cut. Also called the step cut. Rectangular cut with truncated corners, it is often used to cut emeralds and Aquamarines. It shows a large table and step cut pavilion. Beautiful in diamond.
Baguette cut. Long and rectangular in shape, manly diamond, they are a popular choice as accent stones.
Tapered Baguette cut. Usually small, rectangular step cut diamonds, one end is larger, leading to a taper, also used as accent stones.
Asscher cut. Usually square octagonal in shape, can be rectangular, a step cut diamond or gemstone. Like looking into a hall of mirrors.
Princess cut. A square modified brilliant cut, it has a brilliant style of faceting that produces more sparkle than a traditional square step cut, more like that of a brilliant cut.
Radiant cut. A combination of the princess and cushion cut, 4 sided with its four corners cut in a straight line unlike the rounded cushion. Introduced in the 1970’s.
Marquise cut. Also known as boat, navette (in french means little ship) features 58 facets, a long elliptical shape with pointed ends, and brilliant perfect symmetry.
Cushion cut. Also known as antique, pillow, old mine or old european cut. Approximately 64 facets and square or rectangle with gently rounded corners.
Pear Shape cut. Also teardrop. A modified round brilliant cut of 71 facets, also shows perfect symmetry.
Heart cut. Is in essence a pear shaped cut with a cleft in the top, 59 facets or superb sparkle.
Trillion cut. Triangular in shape, the edges may be slightly rounded for setting, the uncurved variation is called a trilliant. Formed with 31 to 43 facets, symmetry and proportions are cut to maximise dispersion of light.
Briolette cut. Is a 3 dimensional drop cut, 84 triangular facets covering its dangling surface.
Fancy cut. Also known as single cut diamonds having fewer than the 57/58 facets, also hand cut gemstones. It can be referred to for various cuts, except round brilliant.
Cabochon cut. is polished with no cuts, a domed top and flat bottom (caboche in french means head) Some stones are cut to show asterism and other features, which can only be seen in Cabochon cutting.
Buff top cut. The top is domed in cabochon fashion while the bottom is faceted, popular in mens jewellery for wearability.